Plants and animals have housed, fed and clothed humans for centuries and to make sure plants and animals continue to exist for future generations natural resource managers often apply the concept of sustainability. This implies sustainability in by being informed, operate in legal parameters and ethically use of natural resources.
It is also conservation and consumption of wildlife sustainably while ensuring the future existence. This is done while supporting livelihoods of communities living in the neighbourhood of nature reserves. Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) gives 20 percent of the gate collections to local governments who invest the resources in urgent need in service delivery.
“The resources could be used for furnishing schools, hospitals and constructing feeder roads,” says the UWA executive director Sam Mwandha. “Others communities have been equipped with income generating like: bee keeping and pepper gardening to repel elephants but earn them income as well.”
True to his word in Nwoya the local government has dug trenches to prevent elephants from encroaching on gardens and mauling food. To contain the ranging human/wildlife conflict in the neighbourhood of Murchison Falls National Park, electric fences have been constructed to keep the gentle giants away from mauling gardens.
“To diversify the mammals in either park, UWA has had to translocate giraffes from Murchison Falls National Park to Kidepo National Park and Pian Upe National Park.” added Mwandha. “Earlier on we took antelopes to KVNP. This enables us have an eco-balance besides having some stock to prevent extinction as it was with rhinos in 1986.”
In UWEC animals confiscated from illegal dealers are the closest one can get to: a caged big cat, reptiles, elephants and birds.
In the conservation footsteps property mogul Dr Sudhir Ruparelia joined Uganda Water and Sewerage Corporation (NWSC) campaign to regreen the country in a drive of planting 10m trees. Witnessed by the corporation’s deputy managing director Sylvia Arinaitwe he planted the first tree in his plush Kololo home.
“I know members of Baganda Kwagalana, the diplomatic corps and the Uganda Indian Community to which I belong,” said Ruparelia. “Will join the responsible campaign. Especially knowing that Uganda’s tourism is nature based. There is need for an eco-friendly environment.”